Wei Sun had been an employee of Raytheon Missile and Defense for 10 years before attempting to illegally transport proprietary technical information out of the country and into China. In 2018, ahead of international travel Sun had requested to take a company laptop on his travels. Raytheon denied the request.

The semiconductor market is quite competitive and any advancement in technology could set you ahead of peers. This incentive drove employees from United Microelectronics Corporation, Inc. (UMC), a Taiwanese foundry company, to steal trade secrets from the American company Micron Technology, Inc. (Micron). In 2018, the FBI linked the representatives at UMC to the PRC’s state-owned semiconductor firm Fujian Jinhua.